What is diabetes?

Diabetes Diabetes mellitus is a set of diseases which is distinguished by a condition in which the body has problem taking glucose from the blood and sending it to the rest of the body so that it can be used as energy. This is because of the incapacity to use insulin, the hormone required for the transportation of glucose from the blood to cells of the body.

The two common types of diabetes are:
1. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, also called as Type 1. People who have this cannot produce insulin and must take insulin by injection. Because the medical concerns and complications, exercise for the Type 1 diabetic should be medically supervised. This is the more advanced and harmful form of diabetes as the individual is completely incapable of producing insulin.

2. Non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also known as Type 2 diabetes. People with this type of diabetes are insulin resistant, which means that though they produce insulin, it is not effective in taking the glucose into the cells. Eighty to ninety percent of the diabetic population is Type 2. A Type 2 diabetic will be put on insulin only as a last resort, in which case the patient has a poor lifestyle with incorrect eating habits and leads a sedentary life.

How exercise can help to control blood glucose level?

Control blood glucose level Aerobic exercises are balanced exercises which are executed over a period of time that helps our body to consume more oxygen. In diabetic patients aerobic exercise helps the glucose to get metabolized in the body and thus the normal blood sugar level is maintained. Exercise helps to improve body efficiency by raising the tissue sensitivity to insulin in patients suffering from Type-2 diabetes. Exercising also produces more amount of glucose to be pressed out of the blood stream and enter the cells where it is needed. This helps in decrease of glucose in blood. It elevates the skill of muscles to store glucose as those muscles which are in working order require more glucose then those muscles which are not.

Additionally exercising also burns calories and therefore helps in losing and maintaining a healthy weight which in turn helps the blood sugar level remain in the normal range.

People who suffer from diabetes usually have problems in blood circulation mainly in the arms and legs. Aerobic exercises improve the circulation; it helps patients having this problem. It also offers relief from stress which is one of the principal factors for increasing blood sugar levels. Regular aerobic exercise can not only attenuate the amount of medication needed but can absolutely erase the need of medicines to control diabetes. This is particularly true for Type 2 diabetes. Types of aerobic exercises

What types of aerobic exercises should a diabetic patient do and how often?

A person who has recently been diagnosed with diabetes should begin exercising only with their doctor's consent. Rather these people should obtain an exercise routine best suited for them charted out by their doctor or aerobics instructor as all exercise routines may not always be suitable for a diabetic patient.

As many Type 2 diabetics are sedentary and overweight, low-impact exercise such as walking or stationary cycling is recommended, along with enough exercise to promote weight management. Their goal should be to exercise five times per week, up to 40 - 60 minutes per session at a moderate intensity. This level of exercise can be reached progressively, commencing as low as 10 - 20 minutes a few times a week for an individual who has never exercised.

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